July 10, 2011

Liberation of South Sudan has a lesson for India & Pakistan

By Habib R. Sulemani

AS I’m writing this blog, yesterday this time, the 193rd sovereign nation state of the world took birth. South Sudan, with 200 ethnic groups and over 8,000,000 inhabitants, is a one-day-old country today. Soon it would be a member of the United Nations.

Millions of people were killed in years of civil war in Sudan. Violence couldn’t bring any positive change in this poor African region. But when the leaders of the fighting Northern and Southern regions of Sudan came to the negotiation-table, only then the a ray of hope was seen on the political horizon of this dark militarized region. 

After abandoning bullets, the stakeholders chose a democratic way to resolve political issues. And the use of ballots gave the Southern region liberty from a military dictator who rules Sudan since 1989. How the South Sudanese leadership uses this achieved liberty to actually liberate the poor people... it’s indeed a big challenge in the tribal society. Tribalism is the greatest challenge not only for Southern Sudan but also for democracy in all over the world.

In the 1980s, I used to pray for the reunification of East and West Germany; today they're one nation state on earth. I’m still waiting for a similar union of North and South Korea. The issue of Taiwan should also be resolved either by reunification with a democratic China or should be given membership of the UN as a sovereign nation state.

Anyways, the division of Sudan into North and South is a separate case as both regions feel themselves different linguistically as well as religiously: the North is Muslim and Arabic while the South is Christian and sub-Saharan. I can’t say if they could be reunified again one day... but, as a character in my novel, The Terrorland, says in fact many countries are going towards disintegration and then reunification as a part of the globalization process.

For the governments and rebel groups in different parts of the world – especially Kashmir, Nagaland, Tripura, South India and Balochistan regions of India and Pakistan – there is a lesson in the proclamation of independence of a new country in Africa. Negotiations, dialogue and ballots can solve problems without going through pain or standing trial in the International Criminal Court. (Image via Google)

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1 comment:

  1. They are too ignorant and proud to learn any lessons from history!