November 1, 2011

Gilgit-Baltistan in search of hijacked independence for 64 years

On November 1, 1947 Gilgit-Baltistan became a republic and 15 days later acceded to Pakistan to get a provincial status. But for the last 64 years, it's being denied basic rights and ruled like a ‘colony’ from Islamabad. Today is considered as the "Independence Lost Day" by the locals. Therefore, the over 2 million people of this strategically important region demand representation in Pakistani Parliament so that they can reclaim their lost liberty. 

Republic of Gilgit-Baltistan
 (November 1, 1947)

The national flag.

President Shah Rais Khan

Army Chief Mirza Hassan, first from left, Quarter Master Babar Khan and
Chief of General Staff Saeed Durrani.

Political Agent Ghulam Haider, first from left, Inspector General Police Abdul
Hameed and Member Revolutionary Council Muhammad Khan. 

ADC to Army Chief Shah Khan, left, and Advisor to the
government Major Brown.

By Habib R. Sulemani

TODAY IS the "independence day" of my native Gilgit-Baltistan. On November 1, 1947 during a revolt, our forefathers got freedom from the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. A provisional government was se up which declared the region a republic. Raja Shah Rais Khan became President while Mirza Hassan Khan took over as Commander-in-Chief of the forces.

Fifteen days later the Republic of Gilgit-Baltistan acceded to the neighboring republic of Pakistan. Founder of the country Mohammad Ali Jinnah was very happy, but before he could give a constitutional status to the region, unfortunately, he died in 1948. And then started the miseries of the Orphaned Land of Gilgit-Baltistan!

People of this strategically important “province” consider themselves patriotic Pakistanis and have given historic sacrifices for the country during the last 64 years. But, unfortunately, they’ve not been given equal rights of citizenship so far as people of other provinces enjoy under the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

We, the people of Gilgit-Baltistan, have no representation in the Pakistani Parliament. Therefore, our voice never reaches the corridors of power! Since I started my career as a journalist in the mainstream media of the country, I've been paying taxes according to the law but still I've no right of vote in this country for which three generations of my family have given sacrifices. I'm a more equal citizen of Pakistan! Because I'm from Gilgit-Baltistan, a region about which the Constitution of this country is silent. 

A friend says that if Gilgit-Baltistan had Constitutional rights in Pakistan then any Minister, Member National Assembly or Senator would have raised my case in the corridors of power. It seems true in the current situation as parliamentarians have failed to escape from narrow-minded provincialism! After attempts on my life, I’m restricted to my home for the last 19 months but the democratic government is still silent. There is not even one parliamentarian in the country who could dare to speak against the powerful accused. Alas! We've lost the spirit of Mr. Jinnah's liberal Pakistan. 

Now, let me give you some information about my Orphaned Land.

Reasons for the injustices
The Pakistani establishment has deceived successive governments by saying that Gilgit-Baltistan was a part of the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir – a bone of contention between Pakistan and India – therefore, it could not be given a permanent political status until the dispute of Kashmir was resolved! But they didn't give it even a status of the Pakistan-controlled Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). What a shameless argument!

However, last year, under a Presidential Self-rule Order, the Pakistan People's Party-led elected government gave the region an elected administration – governor, chief minister and legislative assembly – for the first time since independence. However, the new setup is powerless and has no Constitutional cover at all. It's said that even a Major of the ISI is more powerful than the elected Chief Minister. Some friends used to joke soon after the elections: "Now you've at least a fake provincial status with fake governor and fake chief minister."

Anyway, there is a fear among the locals that the Presidential Order could be cancelled any time. This fear and uncertainty has further increased the sense of deprivation among the locals in the region—full of undiscovered natural resources.

Historical background
The intelligentsia of the region, (including late F. M. Khan, author of The Story of Gilgit-Baltistan & Chitral), don't accept the official notion that Gilgit-Baltistan is a part of Kashmir. Historical evidences also prove that the region had never been a part of Kashmir but was subjugated by the Maharaja's forces for a period of time. However, the brave people of the region got liberation after a series of struggle.
Here are some historical facts about the political relationship between Gilgit-Baltistan, and Kashmir.
1-     Gilgit-Baltistan was divided into self-governing regions and princely states which had their own defense systems.

2-     In 1841, the Maharaja of Kashmir conquered parts of Baltistan and Astore.

3-     In 1860, the Maharaja’s forces conquered Gilgit town.

4-     In 1891, British Indian forces with the help of the Maharaja conquered the princely states of Hunza and Nagar. It extended the colonial rule up to Shundur Pass, and named the region as Gilgit Agency. Thus the Maharaja and British government of India started ruling the region jointly.

5-     In 1935, the British government signed an agreement with the Maharaja and took over the administration of Gilgit sub-division on lease for 60 years. 

6-     On August 1, 1947, Indian Viceroy Lord Mountbatten transferred Gilgit Agency to the Maharaja who appointed Brigadier Ghansara Singh as the first Governor.

7-     On November 1, 1947 the people of Gilgit-Baltistan overthrew the Maharaja’s regime, arrested the Governor and set up their own provisional government. 

8-     On November 15, 1947 the Republic of Gilgit-Baltistan acceded to Pakistan in the hope that it would be enjoying equal rights under a constitution.

Start of the tragedy
The people of Gilgit-Baltistan got independence without the help of any outside force. So they were free to decide their future. Thus the decision to be a part of Pakistan was taken by the provisional government after taking into consideration the will of the people of the region. But what went wrong then? Here are some points. 
1-     In 1948-49, the government of Pakistan mistakenly (local scholars believe it was a bureaucratic error) on the advice of the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs represented the case of Gilgit-Baltistan before the UN Security Council ill-advisedly declaring the region a disputed territory. It was a foolish act of the smart bureaucrats of that time!

2-      In March 1951, a liberation leader of Gilgit-Baltistan, Mirza Hassan Khan (famously known as Colonel Hassan), along with former colonel and poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz, and some Leftist leaders and military officers were arrested on charges of planning a coup d'état against the first Prime Minister of the newly established country, Liaqat Ali Khan. It’s known as the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case. This somehow made the establishment doubtful about the leadership of Gilgit-Baltistan. Thus the establishment resisted giving the region any political status and kept it as a Federally-Administrated Area.

3-     In October 1951 Prime Minister Liaqat Ali Khan was assassinated who against the will of the establishment wanted to give a constitutional status to Gilgit-Baltistan. Then started the never-ending rule of civil and military bureaucrats.

Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir

As I've said earlier, historical evidences show that the Maharaja of Kashmir had colonized Gilgit-Baltistan against the wishes of the local population for about a century which ended in 1947.

Geographical, racial and linguistic differences have always remained there, and for the last six decades they have further widened due to the separate statuses of both regions. Now there’s a globalize view of Gilgit-Baltistan and Pakistan. The narrow-minded Kashmirism has become of age with those leaders who lived out of the region but advocated for making the liberated regain again a part of Kashmir – the broken and bleeding territory of South Asia!

Here are some points which are really disturbing for the people of Gilgit-Baltistan.

1-     The over 72,000 sq/km Gilgit-Baltistan region has no Constitutional right even within Pakistan, and the people of the region are being denied basic human rights. It is a great tragedy in the 21st century.

2-     The Pakistan-controlled 4,000 sq/km AJK region enjoys all rights having its own President, Prime Minister, Parliament, High Court and Supreme Court.  

3-     Gilgit-Baltistan has been deprived of development projects. Even the capital city Gilgit lacks electricity. Now, tragically, the region’s proposed Diamer Dam's royalty is going to the neighboring province of Pakhtunkhwa because it has representatives in the Parliament but Gilgit-Baltistan is an orphan! Network of roads is a dream in our mountainous region. The Karakoram Highway has been blocked by landslide and for the last 10 months, the 25,000 people of upper Hunza, Gojal, have been cut off from rest of the country. However, relief comes to the stranded area by road from China.

4-      The AJK has been developed to a great extent. Power is available even in the far-flung villages of the region. There's a network of roads in the scattered valleys.  

5-     Gilgit-Baltistan lacks leadership as the establishment especially the secret agencies have never let the local leadership to grow at national level. The establishment wants deaf and dumb public representatives who could not speak against the injustices. Foreign official trips are beyond the thought of the local leaders; many of them have not even attended the sessions of the Pakistani Parliament. Majority public representatives are half-literate. They don't know how to talk in proper Urdu, English is beyond their control! They're the “yes-men” of the cunning establishment. Some of them don’t know even how to dress for a state-level function and eat at a five-star hotel. However, those few daring and educated leaders who speak against the injustices particularly the inhuman and undemocratic behavior of the bureaucrats, they face humiliation of the worst kind. A noble man who dared to stand against a candidate of the establishment during the last election was humiliated in the traditional disgusting way of the ISI: two of his daughters were maligned at the Karakoram International University Gilgit – considered the secret agency’s nursery for a new breed of militants – through the brigade of rogue bullies.

6-     The leaders of AJK have been given global exposure. They go on official tours to Europe, Americas and other regions, supposedly to highlight the issue of Kashmir. They often attend international meetings and UN sessions. This has given them immense confidence, needed to represent public at any forum. Therefore, Kashmiris have become members of the Parliament not only in India and Pakistan but also in the United Kingdom.

7-     Many public representatives of Gilgit-Baltistan are poor and after the session of the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly, some of them even shepherd sheep and cattle.

8-     Many public representatives of AJK have industrial and business units not only in the AJK and Pakistan but also in other countries.

Struggle for rights and sectarianism

Whenever the people of Gilgit-Baltistan raise their voice for Constitutional rights, the Pakistani establishment, with the help of secret agencies, creates sectarian violence in the region especially capital city Gilgit.

During the dark era of General Zia, worst sectarian clashes were sponsored under the state. Many people believe that it was a deliberate effort of the dictator to kill the Shia majority, and bring the Sunni Afghan refuges to live in Gilgit-Baltistan permanently.

This alleged dream of the former dictator could not come true but the sectarian killings, started in the 1980s, still goes on. Many innocent people especially government officers and professionals have been assassinated from both sides, Shia and Sunni. The innocent common people of both sects are surprised who comes suddenly on the scene... kills some people from one sect and disappear... then some people from the opposite sect are made target, and impression of sectarian target-killing is given to the public through the establishment-controlled media.

"Even senior journalist have become public-relation officers, who first publish a news of certain officer and then go to his office along copy of the news item to get a smile at least," a friend from Gilgit told on telephone recently. 

“Even vegetable and fruit vendors have become journalist in Gilgit-Baltistan. They do what their masters order them," he added. "The common people are scared to death when they hear names of the ISI and MI. Both agencies have spread their network in a way that no-one can trust anybody in the city. People fear to talk to each other.”

“Then how the sectarian killings happen in a small city like Gilgit?” I asked.

“That’s the question,” he said. “For the world’s best spy agency and army, it’s absolutely not impossible to control sectarian killings in a small city like Gilgit if they really wanted to do so!!”

1- Shia factor: The majority of the people of Gilgit-Baltistan are Asna Ashri Shia Muslims. The establishment fears that a province dominated by Shias in a Sunni-majority country could create any problem to the security of the state. They Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case is also in their minds.

This fear became stronger after the Islamic revolution in the neighboring Iran. Thus the secret agencies have hired some locals of the community and try to stop any political movement especially for the constitutional rights of the region. A group of media persons, especially the Uks Network of Zaffar Abbas of daily Dawn, is playing a vital rule in depoliticizing the Shia community as a part of the strategy of the secret agencies.

There is a propaganda that the region would be a separate Shia state like Iran. But people know that such a state can't survive surrounded by Sunni-majority regions of Kashghar, Kashmir, Kohistan and Kabul (K4). Moreover, the people of Gilgit-Baltistan are thinking globally and they're not separatists either. They just seek basic human rights under the Constitution of the country.

2- Ismaili factor: The Ismaili Shia Muslims are also dominating in two out of seven districts. Due to the international status of The Aga Khan, spiritual leader of the Ismailis, the establishment fears that the community could create hurdles anytime.

Thus the establishment has succeed in appointing government officers as office-bearers of the Ismaili Regional Council and in this way they’ve created a new group named after Allama Nasir Hunzai in the community. The secret agencies brought out a scandal of this famous poet of Brushaski language when president of the Ismaili Council was a Wakhi-speaking government officer, Zaffar Iqbal. The current president Assistant Professor (KIU) Manzoor Ali is a Brushaski-speaking and the agencies used him against my family (Wakhi-speaking).

The agencies have ignited the fire of racial-conflict, Wakhi-Brushashki, within the Ismaili community to make sure that they can't unite and do anything politically for their rights. The divide-and-rule policy is in vogue since the so-called independence.

The theory of an Ismaili state in the region is as impossible as any other sectarian based state. The landlocked region can't survive in isolation.   

3- Noorbakhshi factor: Noobakhshi Shia Muslims dominate the Ganchay district of Baltistan. To control them, the secret agencies have divided the community into two groups. One group is tilting towards the Asna Ashri Shias while the other is linked to the Wahabi Sunnis under an alleged Saudi Arabian project in the region. Thus they can't be united in any way to seek political rights in the region.

4- Sunni factor: Sunni Muslims of the region have been told that they should oppose any demand for political rights, saying that such a thing would make them a minority like the Sunnis in Iran, where they reportedly can't even build a mosque or get higher positions in the government.

They've been told to advocate for rejoining Kashmir, in this way their minority status would be changed. This is really a dirty game of the dirty establishment. Maulana Fazl Rehman of the JUI is a key player in this game besides the Jamaat-e-Islami.

What the people want?

But the dirty old tricks should be abandoned now! This would be good for the cunning establishment as well as for the locals and above all for our country. The poor people of Gilgit-Baltistan should not be deprived of their constitutional rights anymore. The must be an active part of the national mainstream. They should be given representation in the Pakistani Parliament. This will give a positive message to other parts of the confederation and the outside world.

The Pakistan People’s Party, Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid, Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Awami National Party and other political groups had publicly announced during the last elections in the region that they would give Gilgit-Baltistan representation in the National Assembly and Senate. Indeed, they can make the country stronger in this way. But they all are silent since then. Was it just a traditional election game? It seems so!

Gilgit-Baltistan should have been an integral part of Pakistan as the Fifth Province right from the very beginning. But, unfortunately, it could not happen. However, the ruling class of Pakistan can do this task even today. Yes bravo! Still it’s not too late!

(This article had first appeared in The Terrorland group blogs last year.—The Terrorland Team)


  1. Turning independence day into a black day!

    A young man named Fazal Karim, son of Gohar Hayat, has committed suicide in Aliabad, Hunza, by hanging himself. Fazal was one of the persons declared absconders by an Anti-Terrorism Court in Gilgit. Fazal was accused of involvement in riots that erupted in Hunza Valley after the brutal murder of two innocent IDPs by the Hunza Police.

    Fazal had, reportedly, been in hiding since the riots.

    Body of the deceased youth was laid to rest in presence of thousands of mourners after autopsy conducted in presence of the Police.

    The Home Secretary and GB Government have, still, failed to make the findings of an investigation into the murder of the two IDPs, father and son, public. The delay in release of the report is drawing criticism from all segments of the society, with many accusing the government of hiding the facts to protect the criminals.

    Hundreds of cases were registered against innocent youth in Hunza Valley on charges of riots after the broad day-light murder of the two IDPs who were protesting peacefully for their rights. The random arrests and raids had caused severe frustration and fear in the society, exacerbating the condition of many who were already suffering as a result of the two year old landslide and lake disaster that has kept Hunza under siege.

  2. my personal experinence which i saw the role of ismaili concil last two years at hunza on the isue of ataabad ,they totaly playing in the hands of establishment.even they use jamat khanas to break down the movement of atabad ..strongly agree with you.

  3. Just like Jammu and Kashmir are under illegal occupation of India.
    The case of Gilgit - Baltistan is very simple and it has been complicated by multiple governments, over the past 64 years.

    Our ancestors fought a war against the Dogra/Kashmiri occupiers and won their independence on November 1, 1947, the day Ghansara Singh was arrested in Gilgit city.

    The ultimate objective of the people of GB was to join Pakistan, a Muslim brotherly state, as manifested by telegrams sent by rulers of states of Hunza and Nagar, as well as the governors of several other states, including Punial and Yasin, to M.A. Jinnah, announcing annexation with the state of Pakistan, and demanding/expecting basic citizenship rights.

    These announcements of annexation were dishonoured wilfully through the black agreement called "Karachi Agreement", in which the Kashmiri Mullahs and politicians treacherously snatched our freedom, on paper, and made us a party to the Kashmir dispute. Not a single person from Gigit - Baltistan was part of the meeting held on April 29, 1949, which led to the so-called "Karachi Agreement", reached between the government of Pakistan and AJK.

    One wonders under which moral or legal authority was AJK government representing the regions of Gilgit- Baltistan?

    Since then basic citizenship rights have been denied to the people of GB. We have been treated like pariah, left the mercy of NGOs and attempts have been made to alter the region's social fabric, through promotion of sectarian tendencies. Ironically, we have never been made a party to the Kashmir dispute, in contradiction of the Karachi Agreement.

    Even today majority of the people of GB dream of getting annexed to Pakistan, except for nascent nationalistic movements that are taking root in the region.
    The Supreme Court, instead of being confused or spreading confusion, shall refer to its verdict of 2009, in which Islamabad had been "directed to extend fundamental freedoms to Gilgit Baltistan, allowing its people to be governed by their elected representatives within six months".

    [removed from The Express Tribune's website]

  4. Blood in the valleys by Muhammad Ali Siddiqi


    I HAVE ‘normal’ sectarian prejudices and tell Shia jokes to friends and colleagues. Also, I do occasionally listen to firebrand Shia ulema, who like their Sunni counterparts keep their audience spellbound, block traffic and contribute to noise pollution.

    Beyond that, my ‘prejudices’ end. How strange, then, that there are Pakistanis who have time to board buses, demand to see passengers’ identity cards, guess their sects from their names, and slaughter them.

    I wonder how many Pakistanis have visited the paradise once called the Northern Areas, now Gilgit-Baltistan. Until ‘civilised’ people from the south and warriors from the west intruded in to this Shangri-La, this area nestling in the foothills of some of the world’s mightiest mountains had known no violence.

    They are a humble and pacifist people, and, more important, they flaunt their Pakistani-ness, because they take pains to emphasise they are not Kashmiris and that the GB people had revolted against the Dogra regime, thrown it out and joined Pakistan.These hardworking and remarkably handsome Pakistanis are divided into three sects — Shia, Sunni and Ismaili. But the commonality of interests in fighting a harsh climate and giving a better life to their people had, until recently, made them indifferent to sects.

    Situated in a bowl, and hemmed in by towers of white granite that would pose a challenge to the most accomplished of climbers, the area was cut off from the rest of the country in winter for months and depended on airdrops by Pakistan Air Force for essential supplies. The area also had a high maternal and child mortality rate; literacy was low, but tourism was a major sector of the economy.

    Three developments turned out to be the catalyst. The all-weather Karakoram Highway was built, land reforms were carried out during the Bhutto years, and the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme took education and healthcare to the remotest of valleys.

    Women have joined the medical profession in a big way, standards of living on the whole have gone up, the literacy rate has risen to 90 per cent — the highest in Pakistan for any administrative unit — and maternal and child mortality has gone down.

    The rural support programme cost the government no money because the funds came from the Aga Khan Foundation, which encouraged people to rely on self-help to fight nature and give a better life to themselves.

    The programme also led to the construction of channels by chipping away at the mountains and making use of glacial water.

    This way water began flowing into homes and orchards and transformed the agricultural scene. A GB person can never go hungry, because the little plot of land in front of every home has fruit-laden trees — citrus, grapes, cherry, pears, apples and

    More important, the GB people have a Swiss-style direct democracy where development projects and other issues are decided by a show of hands. From the point of view of national integration, it is interesting to know that minutes of all meetings are maintained in Urdu as far as the Khunjerab Pass on the Chinese border.

  5. (2)

    The idyll has not lasted. The wave of religious militancy that America encouraged as part of its anti-Soviet ‘jihad’ in Afghanistan gripped GB, too. The situation deteriorated when non-Ismaili ulema from the south suddenly found their religion threatened and rushed to the north to begin a campaign against what was a valuable, non-governmental development programme bringing education and healthcare to all GB people. As arms and militants from the south and west began their own mission, the green valleys and singing brooks became red with blood.

    Until 9/11, mountaineering teams from all over the world used to descend on GB to scale some of the world’s highest peaks. Now the area’s thriving tourism industry has fallen victim to sectarian violence, guides are jobless, the hotel industry is struggling to survive, and even domestic tourism has taken a major blow.

    On Feb 28, murderers wearing police uniform boarded two buses carrying innocent people — men, women and children — to their enchanting snow-draped valleys. The ‘policemen’ checked the passengers’ ID cards and shot those who belonged to the wrong sect.

    Jandallah claimed responsibility for the slaughter, which in their opinion will take the killers to paradise. Jandallah is part of the Pakistani Taliban, and they are supposed to be fanatically anti-American. But all the victims of their anti-US ‘jihad’ are Pakistani.

    Strange jihad!

    The GB people used to constitute the mainstay of the Northern Light Infantry (NLI), and killed and got killed in the wars with India. It was a paramilitary force, but because of its brilliant performance in the Kargil conflict it was made part of the army.

    However, there has been a gradual change in their attitude. They still form part of the NLI, but many young men refuse to wear uniform and make a simple statement: “either we can stay home and protect our families or we can join the NLI. We cannot do both”.

    Here I would recommend to my readers a wonderful book Three Cups of Tea, co-authored by David Oliver Relin and Greg Mortenson. It is about Mortensen’s mountaineering expeditions, his successes and failures as a climber, his love affair with the GB people and how he built schools for them against all odds, including his own poverty. Mortensen later got into trouble for reasons that do not concern us here. But there is one quote worth reproducing. He says, “In times of war, you often hear leaders — Christian, Jewish and Muslim — saying, ‘God is on our side’. But that isn’t true. In war, God is on the side of refugees, widows and orphans”.

  6. salam..sir i am a student and i read all about you in "the teror land"..i am from gilgit nagar. sir u really made us proud thank you so much for being very brave and xposing this filthy military who has ruined our region and we are suffering cux of them, still slaves after being freed by the british regime again under these ppl. i wd like to be in contact to reveal more truths and once again you are doing right job and may Allah almighty help u to achieve.u dare and exmplifing a true journalism. hats off to u:)

  7. a vague article..........with no suggestions 2 way forward..........its not the establishment.......its the mind set. we have 2 change it n bring more avenues of success to GB. we shouldnt b bother on this establishment bullshit. those times have gone. we must get representation in national assebly n senate. but we also need to put our house in order n tht is by working for the development of our land. we should shed the deeds of corruption at our end. how many reliefs goods tht has been sold by attaabad effectee in local markets of aliabad, karimabad n gilgit.no1 can deny tht. our forefather acceded to pakistan with a reason. they were illetrate but they had the vision n there vision is us. we have 2 bring ddevelopment in the area, ahead of tourism, we must look forward 2 bring sports culture i.e cricket, hockey football stadiums etc in order to draw people 4 healthy envirment. to let them think beyhond sectarianism. if people 4m all color creed religion n sect can live fight n die for pakistan in army then y not to spend our life as a pakistani with same spirit. we r not the nation of mir jaffar n mir sadiq who defy the motherland at its worst time, we r the nation of lalak jan n thousand others.....who gave blood for pakistan. this is the spirit of GB n this is the spirit tht we need in entire pakistan.............

  8. A discussion on this article from writer Habib Sulemani's official Facebook page:

    Gohar Roy: Amazing. 3 second reading. Many public representatives of Gilgit-Baltistan are poor and after the session of the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly, some of them even shepherd sheep and cattle. Courtesy: Habib Sulemani

    Habib Sulemani: Thanks a lot, Gohar Roy. It's time to discuss every "no-no" subject openly so that our regions and country meet demands of the globalized world. I'm proud of our youth, they're very rational. Stay blessed.

    Tewfik Boulenouar: Nations and societies who do not evolve all seem to be afflicted with the same virus of not discussing and airing the "no-no" subjects.

    Habib Sulemani: Thank you very much, Tewfik Boulenouar. You're absolutely right. We should talk on every "taboo subject" in a democratic way and in this way, people will come closer to each other... cos dialogue decreases distances... we should agree and disagree with logic... in this way extremism and terrorism will end... when despot rulers stop people from speaking their minds, they take guns... I've written a lot about it in the social media, and it's also a theme in my novel The Terrorland.

    Tewfik Boulenouar: I have much admiration and respect for your courage. Lucidity has a price that you are paying with great dignity.

    Habib Sulemani: Thank you very much, Tewfik Boulenouar. Stay blessed always.

    Gohar Roy: Thanks Habib Sulemani for an eye opening article. and for every thing. The peoples of GB are politically immature. need to learn in this racal world and need to identify our status as geographically.

    Mehdi Baltistani: what do u mean by "People of GB are politically immature"?

    Gohar Roy: Do every single GBians know what are their rights or are they united for their rights? I think no we need time to know our value.

  9. گلگت بلتستان سے متعلق وہ حقائق اور سوالات جو مولوی , شیخ, واعظ اور آغا برادری اگر اپنے اپنے عبادت خانوں سے گلگت بلتستان کے عوام بتا دیں تو کیا ان کا روزہ باطل ہوگا یا وضو ٹوٹنے کا خدشہ رہے ہوگا۔۔؟

    *گلگت بلتستان سے متعلق حقائق اور سوالات:

    1۔ یکم نومبر 1947 کو ہماری حکومت کس نے اور کیوں معطل کی۔؟

    2۔ اس حکومت کو ختم کرنے میں کونسے مقامی دلال ساتھ تھے اور کن کن دلالوں نے برطانوی ایجنٹ میجر براؤن اور پٹواری سردار عالم خان کی سازش پر نام نہاد الحاق کی کس نے درخواستی کی جبکہ انقلاب کی اعلی قیادت کو کچھ بھی علم نہیں تھا اور اس دوران وہ گلگت میں موجود بھی نہیں تھے۔؟

    3۔ Stand still معاہدہ کیا ھے اور یہ کن کن کے مابین طے ہوا تھا ۔ ۔ یکم نومبر کا انقلاب اچانک 27 اکتوبر 1947 کے بعد کیوں ضروری ہوا جبکہ اس سے پہلے گلگت بلتستان اور آزاد کشمیر کو ایک آزاد وطن کے طور پر دیکھنے کیلئے یہاں کے عوام خوش تھے۔

    4۔ FCR آزاد کشمیر میں لاگو نہیں تھا جبکہ گلگت بلتستان میں کیوں اور کس کے اشارے پر لاگو کیا گیا۔؟

    5۔ بدنام زمانہ معاہدہ کراچی کیوں ہوا اور کن کے مابین ہوا؟ نیز اس معاہدے سے گلگت بلتستان کا کیا نقصان ہوا, سٹیٹ سبجیکٹ رول GB سے کس نے ختم کرنے کی کوشش کی ؟کیا ان عناصر کو SSR ختم کرنے کا اختیار حاصل تھا؟ اس قانون کو ختم کرنے میں کن مقامی مُلاؤں اور دلالوں نے کردار ادا کیا۔؟

    6۔ حکومت پاکستان نے جان بوجھ کر آزاد کشمیر اور گلگت بلتستان کے درمیان طرز حکومت اور حکومت سازی میں اتنا فرق کیوں رکھا۔؟

    7۔ گلگت بلتستان کا کل رقبہ کتنا ھے اور جو انڈیا کے قبضے میں ھے اس کی کیا اقتصادی ,سماجی , دفاعی اور جغرافیائی اہمیت ھے۔؟

    8۔ ذوالفقار علی بھٹو نے GB کے کون کونسے علاقے اپنی ذاتی جاگیر سمجھ کر چئینا کو تحفے میں دے دیئے تھے۔؟

    9۔ اقصائے چین, تاشکرغن اور شاکسیگام کی GB کےلئے کیا اہمیت ھے اور ان علاقوں کو دوبارہ GB کیساتھ ادغام کیوں ضروری ھے۔؟

    10۔ چترال کو GB سے کس نے کیوں اور کب الگ کیا؟

    11۔ انڈس کوہستان کا GB کے ساتھ کیا تعلق تھا, یہ GB کا کب تک حصہ رہا؟ کب GB سے کٹ گیا کیوں اور کس نے کاٹا اب اس پر کس کا قبضہ ھے۔؟

    12۔ کشمیر میں کوئی مارشل لا نہیں لگا جبکہ GB میں سیاسی حکومت نہ ہونے کے باوجود جنرل ایوب خان اور جنرل ضیا الحق نے کیوں مارشل لاگو کیا۔؟

    13۔ آزاد کشمیر میں آج بھی ATA نیشنل ایکشن پلان سمیت شیڈول فور نافذ نہیں ھے جبکہ گلگت بلتستان کشمیر کی طرح متنازعہ خطہ ہونے کے باوجود یہ قوانین پاکستان نے لاگو کر رکھے ہیں۔

    14۔ GB میں مذکورہ قوانین کا اجراء آئین پاکستان , نام نہاد سلف گورنینس آرڈر 2009 اور UNCIP قراردادوں کے تحت غیر قانونی اقدام ھے۔

    15۔ گلگت بلتستان عالمی طور پر تسلیم شدہ اپنی متنازعہ حیثیت کی وجہ سے اگر ایک آزاد ریاست بن جاتا ھےتو اس سے اسلام یا پاکستان کا کیا نقصان اور کیا فائدہ ھے نیز اس سے GB کے عوام کو کیا نقصان اور کیا فائدہ ھے۔؟

    16۔ UNCIP کی قراردادیں کیا ہیں اور یہ کن کے مابین طے ہوا اور اس کی جزیات کیا ہیں؟

    17۔ گلگت بلتستان 1892 تک ایک آزاد وطن تھا اس وقت کے مسلمانوں کو اس کے وجود سے کیا نقصان ھوا,؟

    18۔ گلگت بلتستان والوں کی اپنی کونسی جماعت ھے جو پنجابی مُلّاؤں اور دیگر غیر مقامی عناصر کے کنٹرول میں نہ ہو۔

    (ان سوالوں کے جوابات بزرگ عالم دین , ماہر تعلیم اور معروف دانشور استاد غلام حسین دنیوری کے علاوہ شاید کسی مولوی, شیخ یا واعظ کے پاس نہ ہوں, قوم و ملّت کی ترجمانی کرنے والے سیاسی و مذہبی طبقہ پہلے ان تاریخی حقائق و مسائل کا مذکورہ بنیادوں پر ادراک کریں پھر قوم کی ترجمانی کرنے کا سوچیں۔)

    بشکریہ :منظور حسین