December 4, 2011

Karbala tragedy — tolerance and diverse perspectives in Islam

We hope people belonging to all sects and faiths will play their due rule in maintaining peace and harmony during Muharram mourning processions. We are with our Shia brothers and sisters in expressing human anguish, and staging protest against tyranny and oppression in society.
The Terrorland Report

IMAM Hussain (626 - 680 AD) was the son of Imam Ali (AS) – a cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Imam Ali was the fourth and final Rashidun Caliph of Sunni Muslims and first Imam of Shia Muslims. Sunnism and Shaism emerged as the two major schools of thought in Islam after the death of the Holy Prophet.

Imam Hussain (AS) is exalted as a martyr who fought tyranny as he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid, the Umayyad caliph. According to Wikipedia, "Imam Hussain rose up to create a regime that would reinstate a 'true' Islāmic polity as opposed to what he considered the unjust rule of the Umayyads. As a consequence, he was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61AH)."

Today, there are about 72 sects or schools of thoughts within Islam. All of them respect Imam Hussain and his family. But some people fight with each other due to different historical narrations about the tragedy of Karbala, which happened 50 years after the death of the founder of Islam. The unfortunate thing is that they have declared acts of terrorism ‘jihad’ which is against the true spirit of Islam that teaches tolerance and peaceful coexistence in a society.  

We are presenting the points of view of different schools of thought within Islam for the readers of The Terrorland group blogs. It aims at increasing the level of tolerance in the Pakistani society, which is facing state-sponsored terrorism – a policy of the ruling class in the name of "brinkmanship national strategy" which is the greatest tragedy of our times.

People have to be rational and tolerant to bring peace back in the country. Islam stresses on piety, peace and tolerance. So, let's at least listen to a different narration or point of view within Islam, and test our personal tolerance level. We should be critical and disagree with any point of view that is our democratic right. But still we should respect each others points of view. We should disagree in a polite not violent way. We should show grace in opposition even.  

Let's think about the tragic historical event and its resemblance in the world today. Listen to the speakers, links given below, with a critical mind and analyze things in your own way independently.

Like last year, we hope that people belonging to all sects and faiths will play their due rule in maintaining peace and harmony during the Muharram mourning processions this year as well. We are with our Shia brothers and sisters in expressing human anguish, and staging protest against tyranny and oppression in society.

See this You Tube introduction of Imam Hussain and his battle according to the point of view of Shia school of thought. It's in English: Legendary story of Imam Hussain.

Now watch this reenactment of the tragedy of Karbala in Arabic.

The Barelvi school of thought - Karbala tragedy as narrated by Dr. Tahirul Qadriin in Urdu.

Deoband school of thought - Karbala tragedy as narrated by Mufti Tariq Masood in Urdu.

Dr. Israr Ahmed, who created his own school of thought within Islam, presents his theory regarding the battle of Karbala in Urdu. 

The Wahabi school of thought - Allama Ehsan Ilahi Zaheer's lecture on Karbala tragedy in Urdu mixed with Punjabi. 

Yazid, considered the Criminal of Karbala by majority of Muslims, Islamic televangelist Dr. Zakir Naik expresses a different point of view.

A man involved in fraud cases, claims that he is Imam Mehdi (AS), the promised messiah and descendent of Imam Hussain (AS).  

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    1. There is only one God, we are all his people, and God has many names. God has given us all freedom of choice,but man as a fauled creature has turned the words and teachings to his own purposes. Peace and Harmony to you

    2. Muharram on Park Avenue

      Since the last 30 years, the Shia community in New York has been holding a procession to commemorate the holy month of Muharram. The procession starts from Park Avenue and comes to an end in front of the Pakistani Consulate with over 500 participants and more than 50 volunteers.

      This year, the Jafria Association of North America, the Al-Khoei Foundation, and the Mutahidda Quami Movement (MQM) New York chapter were involved in the procession. Spectators were handed out leaflets from volunteers explaining the procession and the significance of the month of Muharram.

      A curious on-looker and photographer John Gendall said while watching the procession, “This is really interesting but I am not surprised by it…this is New York.”

      According to a Pew Research, there are over two million Muslims in the United States and 16 per cent of them belong to the Shia sect. Muharram is a month of remembrance, as it was on the tenth day of this month — known as Ashura — that Hazrat Imam Hussain, the beloved grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), was martyred at Karbala, Iraq. Muharram is also the first month of the Islamic calendar and is considered the holiest month after Ramazan. – Photos and text by Sadef A. Kully/

    3. Ismaili Scouts arrange Sabeel-e-Hussain during Ashura procession in Gilgit

      Gilgit, December 6: Members of the Ismaili Boy Scouts Group , Central Jamatkhana unit, arranged Sabeel-e-Hussain (AS) for the Azadaran on the day of Ashura.

      The Sabeel was arranged in front of the Ismaili Jamatkhana, located in the Jamatkhana Bazar.

      The Sabeel was visited by thousands of Azaadaran, including MLA Razi uddin Rizvi, among other prominent leaders.

      Social circles have appreciated the Ismaili Scouts for arranging the Sabeel. Such actions are likely to leave a positive impact on the overall situation of harmony in the Gilgit – Baltistan region.

    4. From cyberspace:

      Rehman: ‎"We hope people belonging to all sects and faiths will play their due rule in maintaining peace and harmony during Muharram mourning processions. We are with our Shia brothers and sisters in expressing human anguish, and staging protest against tyranny and oppression in society." Karbala tragedy — tolerance and diverse perspectives in Islam:

      Saqlain Imam Too much patronizing! It should have been written with pluralistic perspective! But a well-intentioned thinking, must be appreciated!

      Rehman: ‎Saqlain Imam saab, let's speak truthfully and openly. The post has been written with a pluralistic perspective. What is your objection really, sir?

      {No response)

    5. Thanks for the post. Instead of a Zakir's speech, you have given the 2 hour long movie that explains every minute thing although in Arabic. Great post. Here is the basic info about Imam Mehdi (AS). I have taken it from Bushra Ali after watching the Indian JHOTA MEHDI video

      "Imam MEHDI was born on the 15th Shaban 255 A.H. in the city of Samarra. The singluar aspects of his birth greatly resembled those under which the Prophet Musa was born. The birth of Hazart Musa had signalled the downfall and extinction of the empire of Pharoah, who had ordered the slaying of all the newly born children of Bani-Israel. The Abbaside kings were similarly apprehnesive of the continuous traditions of the Holy Prophet about the birth of Imam Mehdi, who was to bring about a curse to their (Abbaside) very empire. They were, therfore, laying in ambush to discover the birth of the Imam and to put an end to his life. But the event of the Imam's birth was enveloped and shielded by the same Divine protection and miraculous phenomena which had makred the historical birth of Prophet Musa. His birth remained strictly confidential and his nursery shrouded in secrecy except to a few devotees.The Imam's birth had coincided with the reign of al-Mutamad, the well-known Abbaside king. He, being aware of the prophecy of the twelfth Imam's birth occuring in his reign, was extremely worried and anxious to trace him out.But on the death of Imam Hasan Askari, when he was informed about the Imam's funeral prayer having been conducted by his four year old son, his perplexity knew no bounds.It struck his mind that this very boy must be the Imam, but he managed to hide his inner concern at the news of the existence of the young Imam. In order to get confirmation that the young Imam did in fact exist, he ordered the arrest of the Imam's mother, Janab-e-Nargis Khatoon.
      The occultation of the twelfth Imam is divided into two parts: the first, the minor occultation (ghaybat al-Sughra) which began in 259/873 and ended in 329/939, lasting about seventy year. On that period, people were in contact with him through four special deputies. That period served as preparing people for the absence of Imam. The second, the major occultation which commenced in 329/939 and will continue as long as God wills it. There is no special deputy in direct contact with him in this period, and Muslim scholars are regular deputies of him at this time without having ability to see him."

      alajal YA IMAAM ............AP KA MUNTAZIR HAI YE SARA JAHAN